Tips for Pulling Wire in Cold Weather
As we’re sure you’ve noticed, winter is in full effect: cold temperatures, ice-covered windshields, and snow-covered walkways. This time of year, it’s important to take outdoor temperatures into consideration during many activities, including wire pulling and cable installation.
The Impacts of Cold Temperatures on Cables
Cold temperatures place extra strain on cables, causing them to temporarily become brittle and inflexible. Below a certain temperature, it becomes difficult for cables to retain their flexibility and plasticity while being bent. PVC jackets, for example, will stiffen and potentially crack with the slightest touch or movement if they aren’t pulled at or above recommended temperatures.
These conditions can lead to difficult installations; if a crew starts pulling wire without taking the proper precautions, the jacket and/or insulation may become damaged.
Minimum installation temperature ratings for different cable types indicate the lowest temperature recommended for wire pulling. To make sure cable can withstand the rigors of installation and last its expected lifespan, make sure to follow these recommended ratings.
What is the lowest temperature recommended for pulling wire?
|Type of Wire Installation||Minimum Installation Temp.|
|Copper THHN||14° F|
|Copper XHHW||-40° F|
|Copper USE||-40° F|
|Aluminum THHN||14° F|
|Aluminum XHHW||-40° F|
|Aluminum USE||-40° F|
|Copper 15kV 220 Mil EPR 133%||14° F|
|Aluminum 15kV 220 Mil EPR 133%||14° F|
What You Can Do to Protect Cables (and People)
The onset of winter weather doesn’t mean you can’t continue to install cable. There are simple steps you can take for protection:
More information on low temperature wire installation
Southwire Installation and Application Guide for 600V Conductors
Southwire Power Cable Installation Guide
- Store cable indoors whenever possible
- If cable can’t be stored indoors, move cable reels into a heated area 24 hours before installation to allow heat to penetrate the reels’ cable layers
These temperatures can also be tough on installers, too. Keep them safe by encouraging them to:
- Drink fluids and stay hydrated
- Get enough sleep so they’re alert during the day
- Remove wet clothes immediately to prevent accelerated heat loss and impaired movement
- Wear proper winter clothing (loose-fitting layers) and insulate head and neck areas well
- Add layers as activity levels decrease and remove layers as activity levels increase
If you have questions about pulling wire in cold temperatures, give us a call at 800-247-1410. We’re happy to answer your questions!
EMPLOYEE-OWNER, SOUTHWIRE SOLUTIONS SPECIALIST
McDonald has over 14 years in the industry, with 9 spent as an employee of Van Meter.